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Illuminating History by Lily Díaz, 25.IX.2000

interacting to produce the object. Throughout their interactions, which effect changes in the object, they are themselves transformed.XXX(Include notes on how it differs.)

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The title of artist has been sociologically defined as those who comprise a professional group of people who practice one of the fine arts.1 5What the fine arts consist of and how this relates to what the artist actually does is certainly a more complicated matter

that varies throughout history and within diverse cultural settings.1 6

However, a

minimal qualifier would be that the Artist/Actor is an active participant who engages in a series of actions that ultimately yield an art object.1 7As noted earlier, s/he is not alone. Along with other actors such as art critics and gallery owners s/he helps to forge this object, its reception and ultimate consumption.

If the essence of is art itself, it should come as no surprise that art discourses and their resulting networks of relationship have become the subject and object of art. This is the case with the work of Group Material, twelve young artists who came together in New York City's lower east side during the 1980's. As the diagram on Figure 2 describes, Group Material has sought to create art objects that support a more democratic vision of art and promote an art of social change. They have done this by working on the notion of the art exhibition as a political issue:

"In most dictionaries the word "curate" is solely defined as a noun referring to a cleric. But since 1980, the collaborative Group Material, has done much to transform the notion of exhibition curator into a verb by treating the installation of art viewing as an artistic medium in itself. And in the

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word ars, means theoretical knowledge, the seven liberal arts refers exclusively to the Greco-Roman mode l that includes arithmetic, geometry, astronomy, music, grammar, rhetorics and dialectics. Until the invention of perspective in the Renaissance, the fine arts are considered applied knowledge.

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