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Illuminating History by Lily Díaz, 25.IX.2000

operationaland the socio-linguisticcontexts, as well as the context of genesis, and the ecologicalcontext. While the operationalcontext focuses on how people interactduring their everyday life with artefacts, the socio-linguisticcontext is more concerned with how people communicatewith each other about artefacts and their uses, thereby constructing their reality. The context of genesis, in turn concentrates on how the different stakeholders, such as designers, producers and users participate in creating and consuming artefacts. The ecologicalcontext, is concerned with how populations of artefacts interactwith one another, thus contributing to an autopoesis (self-production) of technology and culture. 8 5

XXX Include a figure/chart to provide the reader with a more detailed treatment of these areas.

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It could be argued that the label of designer is as open a class as that one of art objects. In our Post Modern eyes, design is everywhere: In nature, we encounter the supreme architect at work; in mathematics, we stumble on to the logic and coherence of number figures, in evolution we discern the hand of natural selection. And in fact, recent trends that value the participation of the lay person as integral to the design process propose that "in a very real sense users are designersas well".86Notwithstanding the multiple definitions, and the changes in the terms used to designate the agent, the general consensus throughout history seems to be that a designer is s/he who engages in design as a conceptualiser involved in synthesis; a visualiser concerned with translating the abstract into the concrete; and a planner engaged in bringing forth. It is a notion related to the ancient idea of technéas knowledge that leads to truth. Heidegger further defined it as: a revealing that "gather together in advance the aspect and the matter... with a view to the finished thing envisaged as complete and from this gathering determines the manner of its construction."8 7XXX(Expand.)

85. Krippendorf, 162.
86. Bannon, L.J.,"From Human Factors to Human Actors: The Role of Psychology and Human-Computer Interaction Studies in Systems Design" in K. Kuutti, "Activity Theory as a Potential Framework for Human-Computer Interaction Research", p. 22. 87. Heidegger, M., "The Question Concerning Technology", p., 319.