1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39

Illuminating History by Lily Díaz, 25.IX.2000

an umbrella topic such as "Everyday life in Finland from the Late Iron Age to the Early Middle Ages." This topic may have been chosen by the professor responsible for the results of the work done at the site. It reflects the hierarchical nature of how the group work is organised, with the most experienced academic suggesting possible topics of research to MA students working as excavators.

In addition, the information provided in these reports can be augmented through the use of a variety of graphic artefacts such as maps, illustrations, photographs, video and most recently three dimensional digital models. As is the case with the reports, these graphical devices will also be used as tools, as aids in the process of analysis and interpretation. XXX(Insert from Michael Shanks article on Photoworks, goes here.)

The team of archaeologists is a community sharing the object of the archaeological record. Why does a student decide to use a recording method that has not been used in previous excavations in this area? Which types of items are photographed and how? Although it does not seem likely that there is one all encompassing definition what the archaeological record is, a review of the literature indicates that basically the record is composed of data and interpretationderived from the examination of the artefacts obtained via the archaeological excavation. Initially, this might give the impression that object is transformed through a process of accretion. But while it is true that archaeological data are being collected constantly, the results are not as cumulative one might believe, and "indeed archaeologists often seem to build more on what their predecessors concluded about the past than on the evidence on which these

conclusions were based."1 0 6

It has been noted that archaeology does not begin with

the object but with a desire. This translates into motivations that effect, not only the activity but how it is articulated in the choice of method and the final goal selected. At each stage of the activity, the transformation of the object (or archaeological record), is accomplished through the use of a different set of tools. Like in art and design, these tools have a history.

IMAGE imgs/index64.gif

IMAGE imgs/index24.gif
IMAGE imgs/index66.gif

P. 17.

31