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Illuminating History by Lily Díaz, 25.IX.2000

Archaeologists make use of physical tools, such as for example, XXX (List basic tools) to measure and record the position of items. Much like the tools used by designers and artists, the archaeologists tools are increasingly becoming digital.XXX(Insert text on uses of virtual reality in archaeology.)

Archaeologists also use non-physical instruments such as methods like stratigraphy, seriation and classification. In archaeology, stratigraphy has been seen as closely related to the concept of human presence. This is because archaeological

stratification1 0 7

and archaeological artefacts are seen as created and preserved by

humans and thus are not subject to processes of nature, such as evolution through natural selection.10 8Seriation, or the positioning of artefacts in a series according to an attribute identified by the researcher, has also been used in archaeology in conjunction with stratigraphy to construct relative chronologies and in the ordering of cultural remains. Classification is used in archaeology...XXX(Insert on classification in archaeology.)

Archaeology also uses concepts such as material culture to refer to how the interaction between society and artefacts is embodied in the latter. In archaeology this concept has been formulated from a theoretical foundation that sees culture as an ideational construct that does not survive in the archaeological record. That is, although we cannot really access the mind of the ancient craftsman, many aspects of culture, such as the technical knowledge required to produce an object, are reflected in archaeological finds.

Material culture, therefore, has also been treated by some archaeologists as a concrete expression of human ideas, as a fossil that is the record of past social processes.1 0 9It

107. Stratification literally means "The act or process of laying in strata, or the state of being
laid in the form of strata, or layers." Webster's Hypertext
Dictionary:< http://www.fin.gov.nt.ca/webster.htm>
July, 11, 2000.

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and New York, 1997. P. 210.